1 The words of the Preacher, the son of
David, king in Jerusalem. 2 Vanity of
vanities, says the Preacher, vanity of vanities! All is vanity.
3 What does man gain by all the toil at
which he toils under the sun? 4 A
generation goes, and a generation comes, but the earth remains for ever.
5 The sun rises and the sun goes down, and
hastens to the place where it rises. 6 The
wind blows to the south, and goes round to the north; round and round goes the
wind, and on its circuits the wind returns. 7
All streams run to the sea, but the sea is not full; to the place where the
streams flow, there they flow again. 8 All
things are full of weariness; a man cannot utter it; the eye is not satisfied
with seeing, nor the ear filled with hearing. 9
What has been is what will be, and what has been done is what will be done; and
there is nothing new under the sun. 10 Is
there a thing of which it is said, "See, this is new"? It has been already, in
the ages before us. 11 There is no
remembrance of former things, nor will there be any remembrance of later things
yet to happen among those who come after. 12
I the Preacher have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.
13 And I applied my mind to seek and to search out by wisdom
all that is done under heaven; it is an unhappy business that God has given to
the sons of men to be busy with. 14 I have
seen everything that is done under the sun; and behold, all is vanity and a
striving after wind. 15 What is crooked
cannot be made straight, and what is lacking cannot be numbered.
16 I said to myself, "I have acquired
great wisdom, surpassing all who were over Jerusalem before me; and my mind has
had great experience of wisdom and knowledge." 17
And I applied my mind to know wisdom and to know madness and folly. I perceived
that this also is but a striving after wind. 18
For in much wisdom is much vexation, and he who increases knowledge increases