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Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference
11g Release 1 (11.1)

Part Number B28286-01
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Use the CREATE TYPE BODY to define or implement the member methods defined in the object type specification. You create object types with the CREATE TYPE and the CREATE TYPE BODY statements. The CREATE TYPE statement specifies the name of the object type, its attributes, methods, and other properties. The CREATE TYPE BODY statement contains the code for the methods that implement the type.

For each method specified in an object type specification for which you did not specify the call_spec, you must specify a corresponding method body in the object type body.


If you create a SQLJ object type, then specify it as a Java class.

See Also:

CREATE TYPE and ALTER TYPE for information on creating and modifying a type specification


Every member declaration in the CREATE TYPE specification for object types must have a corresponding construct in the CREATE TYPE or CREATE TYPE BODY statement.

To create or replace a type body in your own schema, you must have the CREATE TYPE or the CREATE ANY TYPE system privilege. To create an object type in another user's schema, you must have the CREATE ANY TYPE system privilege. To replace an object type in another user's schema, you must have the DROP ANY TYPE system privilege.



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Specify OR REPLACE to re-create the type body if it already exists. Use this clause to change the definition of an existing type body without first dropping it.

Users previously granted privileges on the re-created object type body can use and reference the object type body without being granted privileges again.

You can use this clause to add new member subprogram definitions to specifications added with the ALTER TYPE ... REPLACE statement.


Specify the schema to contain the type body. If you omit schema, then the database creates the type body in your current schema.


Specify the name of an object type.


Specify the type of function or procedure subprogram associated with the object type specification.

You must define a corresponding method name and optional parameter list in the object type specification for each procedure or function declaration. For functions, you also must specify a return type.

procedure_declaration, function_declaration Declare a procedure or function subprogram.

constructor_declaration Declare a user-defined constructor subprogram. The RETURN clause of a constructor function must be RETURN SELF AS RESULT. This setting indicates that the most specific type of the value returned by the constructor function is the same as the most specific type of the SELF argument that was passed in to the constructor function.

See Also:

pl/sql_block Declare the procedure or function.

See Also:

Oracle Database PL/SQL Language Reference for more information about block declarations

call_spec Specify the call specification (call spec) that maps a Java or C method name, parameter types, and return type to their SQL counterparts.

The Java_declaration string identifies the Java implementation of the method.

See Also:


You can declare either one MAP method or one ORDER method, regardless of how many MEMBER or STATIC methods you declare. If you declare either a MAP or ORDER method, then you can compare object instances in SQL.

If you do not declare either method, then you can compare object instances only for equality or inequality. Instances of the same type definition are equal only if each pair of their corresponding attributes is equal.


Specify MAP MEMBER to declare or implement a MAP member function that returns the relative position of a given instance in the ordering of all instances of the object. A MAP method is called implicitly and specifies an ordering of object instances by mapping them to values of a predefined scalar type. PL/SQL uses the ordering to evaluate Boolean expressions and to perform comparisons.

If the argument to the MAP method is null, then the MAP method returns null and the method is not invoked.

An object type body can contain only one MAP method, which must be a function. The MAP function can have no arguments other than the implicit SELF argument.


Specify ORDER MEMBER to specify an ORDER member function that takes an instance of an object as an explicit argument and the implicit SELF argument and returns either a negative integer, zero, or a positive integer, indicating that the implicit SELF argument is less than, equal to, or greater than the explicit argument, respectively.

If either argument to the ORDER method is null, then the ORDER method returns null and the method is not invoked.

When instances of the same object type definition are compared in an ORDER BY clause, Oracle Database invokes the ORDER MEMBER function_declaration.

An object specification can contain only one ORDER method, which must be a function having the return type NUMBER.

function_declaration  Declare a function subprogram. Refer to CREATE PROCEDURE and CREATE FUNCTION for the full syntax with all possible clauses.

AS EXTERNAL  AS EXTERNAL is an alternative way of declaring a C method. This clause has been deprecated and is supported for backward compatibility only. Oracle recommends that you use the call_spec syntax with the C_declaration.


Several examples of creating type bodies appear in the "Examples" section of CREATE TYPE. For an example of re-creating a type body, refer to "Adding a Member Function: Example" in the documentation on ALTER TYPE.