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Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference
11g Release 1 (11.1)

Part Number B28286-01
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Use the ALTER VIEW statement to explicitly recompile a view that is invalid or to modify view constraints. Explicit recompilation lets you locate recompilation errors before run time. You may want to recompile a view explicitly after altering one of its base tables to ensure that the alteration does not affect the view or other objects that depend on it.

You can also use ALTER VIEW to define, modify, or drop view constraints.

You cannot use this statement to change the definition of an existing view. Further, if DDL changes to the view's base tables invalidate the view, then you cannot use this statement to compile the invalid view. In these cases, you must redefine the view using CREATE VIEW with the OR REPLACE keywords.

When you issue an ALTER VIEW statement, Oracle Database recompiles the view regardless of whether it is valid or invalid. The database also invalidates any local objects that depend on the view.

If you alter a view that is referenced by one or more materialized views, then those materialized views are invalidated. Invalid materialized views cannot be used by query rewrite and cannot be refreshed.

See Also:


The view must be in your own schema or you must have ALTER ANY TABLE system privilege.



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Description of the illustration alter_view.gif

(out_of_line_constraint::=—part of constraint::= syntax)



Specify the schema containing the view. If you omit schema, then Oracle Database assumes the view is in your own schema.


Specify the name of the view to be recompiled.

ADD Clause

Use the ADD clause to add a constraint to view. Refer to constraint for information on view constraints and their restrictions.


Use the MODIFY CONSTRAINT clause to change the RELY or NORELY setting of an existing view constraint. Refer to "RELY Clause" for information on the uses of these settings and to "Notes on View Constraints" for general information on view constraints.

Restriction on Modifying Constraints You cannot change the setting of a unique or primary key constraint if it is part of a referential integrity constraint without dropping the foreign key or changing its setting to match that of view.

DROP Clause

Use the DROP clause to drop an existing view constraint.

Restriction on Dropping Constraints You cannot drop a unique or primary key constraint if it is part of a referential integrity constraint on a view.


The COMPILE keyword directs Oracle Database to recompile the view.


Altering a View: Example To recompile the view customer_ro (created in "Creating a Read-Only View: Example"), issue the following statement:

ALTER VIEW customer_ro

If Oracle Database encounters no compilation errors while recompiling customer_ro, then customer_ro becomes valid. If recompiling results in compilation errors, then the database returns an error and customer_ro remains invalid.

Oracle Database also invalidates all dependent objects. These objects include any procedures, functions, package bodies, and views that reference customer_ro. If you subsequently reference one of these objects without first explicitly recompiling it, then the database recompiles it implicitly at run time.