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Oracle® Database SQL Language Reference
11g Release 1 (11.1)

Part Number B28286-01
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Use the ALTER CLUSTER statement to redefine storage and parallelism characteristics of a cluster.


You cannot use this statement to change the number or the name of columns in the cluster key, and you cannot change the tablespace in which the cluster is stored.

See Also:

CREATE CLUSTER for information on creating a cluster, DROP CLUSTER and DROP TABLE for information on removing tables from a cluster, and CREATE TABLE ... physical_properties for information on adding a table to a cluster


The cluster must be in your own schema or you must have the ALTER ANY CLUSTER system privilege.



Description of alter_cluster.gif follows
Description of the illustration alter_cluster.gif

(physical_attributes_clause ::=, size_clause::=, allocate_extent_clause ::=, deallocate_unused_clause ::=, parallel_clause::=)

physical_attributes_clause ::=

Description of physical_attributes_clause.gif follows
Description of the illustration physical_attributes_clause.gif


allocate_extent_clause ::=

Description of allocate_extent_clause.gif follows
Description of the illustration allocate_extent_clause.gif


deallocate_unused_clause ::=

Description of deallocate_unused_clause.gif follows
Description of the illustration deallocate_unused_clause.gif



Description of parallel_clause.gif follows
Description of the illustration parallel_clause.gif



Specify the schema containing the cluster. If you omit schema, then Oracle Database assumes the cluster is in your own schema.


Specify the name of the cluster to be altered.


Use this clause to change the values of the PCTUSED, PCTFREE, and INITRANS parameters of the cluster.

Use the STORAGE clause to change the storage characteristics of the cluster.

See Also:

Restriction on Physical Attributes You cannot change the values of the storage parameters INITIAL and MINEXTENTS for a cluster.

SIZE integer

Use the SIZE clause to specify the number of cluster keys that will be stored in data blocks allocated to the cluster.

Restriction on SIZE You can change the SIZE parameter only for an indexed cluster, not for a hash cluster.

See Also:

CREATE CLUSTER for a description of the SIZE parameter and "Modifying a Cluster: Example"


Specify the allocate_extent_clause to explicitly allocate a new extent for the cluster.

When you explicitly allocate an extent with this clause, Oracle Database does not evaluate the storage parameters of the cluster and determine a new size for the next extent to be allocated (as it does when you create a table). Therefore, specify SIZE if you do not want Oracle Database to use a default value.

Restriction on Allocating Extents You can allocate a new extent only for an indexed cluster, not for a hash cluster.

See Also:

allocate_extent_clause for a full description of this clause and "Deallocating Unused Space: Example"


Use the deallocate_unused_clause to explicitly deallocate unused space at the end of the cluster and make the freed space available for other segments.

See Also:

deallocate_unused_clause for a full description of this clause


This clause has the same behavior in CREATE CLUSTER and ALTER CLUSTER statements.

See Also:

"CACHE | NOCACHE" for information on this clause.


Specify the parallel_clause to change the default degree of parallelism for queries and DML on the cluster.

Restriction on Parallelized Clusters If the tables in cluster contain any columns of LOB or user-defined object type, then this statement as well as subsequent INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE operations on cluster are executed serially without notification.

See Also:

parallel_clause in the documentation on CREATE TABLE for complete information on this clause


The following examples modify the clusters that were created in the CREATE CLUSTER "Examples".

Modifying a Cluster: Example The next statement alters the personnel cluster:

   SIZE 1024 CACHE;

Oracle Database allocates 1024 bytes for each cluster key value and enables the cache attribute. Assuming a data block size of 2 kilobytes, future data blocks within this cluster contain 2 cluster keys in each data block, or 2 kilobytes divided by 1024 bytes.

Deallocating Unused Space: Example The following statement deallocates unused space from the language cluster, keeping 30 kilobytes of unused space for future use: